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5 differences between CBD and THC

by druginc

5 differences between CBD and THC

Cannabis is a well-known plant that can be pleasing to the eye or even leave a bad taste in your mouth. Whatever the cause, cannabis has become increasingly popular.

While many people may consider cannabis to be the hallucinogenic drug it was previously known for, there are many scientific breakthroughs that are changing the side of the marijuana industry.

The ongoing research that the cannabis plant undergoes reveals more and more benefits. Medical marijuana provides relief from a variety of diseases and even provides a provocative solution to brain-altering symptoms.

So why is it that cannabis has emerged as one of the most sought after drugs of modern times?

What is CBD

Before we know why cannabis is becoming a medical breakthrough, let's first look at the compounds in cannabis.

Marijuana, hemp or cannabis, this plant contains certain compounds that are really beneficial for your body. One of them is CBD or cannabidiol, which can be considered the leading player in medical marijuana.

This compound is the compound that makes cannabis known in the medical field and provides brain-stimulating effects that cause rest and recovery.

Not all cannabis plants contain good CBD; others can cause hallucinogenic effects in the brain and can do more harm than good to the user.

What is THC?

THC or Tetrahydrocannabinol is the compound that causes the user to experience the 'high'. Also, THC-rich cannabis is usually used as a recreational drug rather than medicine.

While THC has the same benefits of anti-inflammatory properties and analgesic effects, it is more volatile and can cause the user to suffer serious conditions if taken without supervision or experience.

Difference between THC and CBD

If you want to compare CBD and THC, the similarities you get are the pain-reducing effects and the compounds that help reduce inflammation in the muscles.

However, the difference between these two compounds is immediately seen from the start. Cannabis plants are divided into two types: Cannabis Sativa and Cannabis Indica.

CBD-rich cannabis is harvested from the Cannabis Sativa strain. This strain is mainly used for medicinal purposes. The Sativa strains also contain a high concentration of CBD.

On the other hand, the Indica strain has a higher concentration of THC or psychoactive ingredient in cannabis. For this reason, Cannabis Indica strains are seen more as a recreational drug.

Chemical structure

Due to the similar origin of the plant species, both CBD and THC have little to no difference in their chemical structure.

Both strains contain the same compounds, which are composed of 2 oxygen atoms, 30 hydrogen atoms and 21 carbon atoms. The only difference is the composition or layout of how these atoms are arranged. Due to this distinction in the chemical formula, CBD and THC have different effects on the body.

While both connections target the neurological part of the brain, they help deal with sleep, rest, and mood.

Psychoactive components

The psychoactive component of marijuana is known all over the world. Hallucinations and even reaching the so-called “high” always remain with marijuana.

The only difference is the composition it releases. THC is the prominent compound that causes the psychoactive effect on the brain.

A product comparison of CBD versus THC shows that CBD has miniscule to basically no sign of psychoactive components in the formulation.

The reason THC has mind-altering effects while CBD doesn't is because they connect to different cannabinoid receptors. There are two different types of cannabinoid receptors; CB1 and CB2. The CB1 receptors are located in the central nervous system, while the CB2 receptors are located in the peripheral nervous system.

Since CB1 receptors are found in the central nervous system, including the brain and anything that affects it, it also affects the brain. Because of its bonding with them, THC causes psychoactivity. The endocannabinoid system is made up of enzymes whose primary responsibility is to break down cannabinoids after they reach their target in the body.

These enzymes work much less efficiently on THC than on CBD and endocannabinoids. This means that THC remains associated with the ECS for much longer than other cannabinoids, and this contributes to prolonged periods of psychoactivity.

Legality of cannabis

The legalization of medical marijuana has opened new doors for patients or even ordinary people to get the health benefits of CBD.

Although different laws and regulations cover the legality of marijuana. However, due to legalization in 50 states in the United States, CBD and THC are now creating new jobs. In addition, this regulation under the legality gives users a better understanding of how to use marijuana and when.

While most states (in the United States) have legalized medical marijuana, the majority of them have legalized CBD for both therapeutic and recreational use. Some have legalized both CBD and THC for medical use, requiring the user to have a medical marijuana card to purchase.

In all of these states, a person must be at least 21 years old to purchase and use marijuana. The trend of governments reluctant to legalize THC is echoed in many other jurisdictions around the world. CBD is more easily accepted by governments than THC.

Medical benefits of cannabinoids

There are several benefits you can get from CBD and THC products. Although the strain best known for its most medicinal benefits is Sativa, which contains CBD. An advantage of high-quality CBD is the anti-inflammatory properties of both strains.

This all-natural anti-inflammatory compound can help you reduce muscle soreness and even clear the inflamed areas of the skin.

That said, you can also find CBD products in the market that focus on beautification. Due to the uplifting effects of CBD and THC, several companies have formulated products containing essential oils and creams.

You will also find high-quality CBD products that are used in sports on the market. Creams and oils (topicals) manufactured with CBD provide pain relief for those suffering from acute muscle pain or even aching joints.

Products with THC

In addition, you will also find THC-derived products on the market with a high potency. This type of cannabis products is used for severe cases such as solutions for anxiety, glaucoma, insomnia and nausea.

Critically ill patients diagnosed with these types of symptoms may suffer from conditions such as uncontrolled seizures, loss of appetite, schizophrenia, or worse suicide. However, THC products are known for stimulating the brain, which can prevent seizures.

Also, the ways you ingest these marijuana and hemp-derived products can vary. Edibles (aka the “edibles”) are made for easy consumption, such as honey sticks, gummies, brownies, and even juices and shakes.

Plus, you can find topical creams, tinctures, and oils that contain CBD and THC compounds. Also, several companies have made disposable CBD pens and vape cartridges for vaping.

Cannabis side effects

While both compounds have health benefits not found in conventional medicine, they do have some side effects.

CBD products can often be tolerated in high doses by almost everyone, but THC can have a more significant side effect. However, these side effects do not entail any fatal conditions that can (fatally) harm the patient or user.

Such side effects include mouth dehydration, increased heart rate, slower sensory-motor skills, lower perception and even memory loss. In general, a large amount of THC product can lead the user to severe psychiatric stress and develop disorders such as schizophrenia. THC can also cause the user to have bloodshot eyes and an increased heart rate. High amounts of THC with prolonged use can cause severe attacks of nausea and in some cases vomiting to the user. This side effect is interesting because THC is an anti-emetic for people who don't use it regularly.

The side effects of THC on adults are usually reversible when the user stops taking it. However, it is different in teenagers. When teens use THC, it can have adverse effects on their brain development. These effects include reduced IQ, schizophrenia and psychosis. It is therefore strongly recommended that teenagers be discouraged from using THC unless otherwise advised by a doctor.

One problem that can be a major cause for concern is the interaction between cannabis and prescription drugs. Both THC and CBD are typically used as supplements by people with certain illnesses. As a result, they are used alongside pharmaceutical drugs and how they interact, so determines whether there will be any adverse side effects. It is noteworthy that CBD causes the liver to slow down in the synthesis of drugs. Due to the delayed synthesis, in some cases it may be necessary to adjust the dosage or change medications. A doctor can best decide on the question of dosage.

Drug testing for cannabinoids

Drug tests can be done to know if you are under the influence of too much THC or CBD in your system. While you may think you are safe since your last CBD session was a week ago, you are wrong. Cannabinoids are stored in your body fats, which can show up in the tests even after several days have passed.

While standard drug tests may not be able to detect CBD, some tests do use CBD-sensitive procedures. However, most drug tests are more likely to look for chemicals present in THC because it is the psychoactive compound between the two.

If you find yourself in a situation where a positive result for the THC drug test would be an issue, you should also be careful with CBD. Full spectrum legal CBD products contain traces of THC. If you take large amounts of these, in the range of 1500-2000 mg per day, your drug test results may produce a so-called false positive.

Why do people talk about THC content in CBD oil when THC and CBD are two different compounds?

Cannabinoids in the cannabis plant are divided into two popular forms, THC and CBD. THC, the psychoactive compound, is derived from marijuana or Cannabis Indica strain.

Meanwhile, CBD is derived from the Cannabis Sativa strain or hemp. In reality, both strains sometimes contain both components. The only difference is concentration. High-quality CBD oils can contain minute amounts of THC in some industrial hemp.

However, CBD oils must not contain more than 0,3 percent THC to be legal.

How CBD and THC work together

After observing the effects of CBD and THC on the user, some researchers have gone on to mix the two cannabinoids in the same product, bridging the CBD, THC gap and providing additional benefits to the user.

Research shows that a combination of the two cannabinoids reduces the mind-altering properties of THC. So when a person takes a dose of CBD before taking THC, they experience less cognitive impairment than if they had taken THC alone.

In conclusion

CBD and THC are the two main cannabinoids in marijuana. Their chemical structures of the two compounds are very similar. They bond with the body in very similar ways, but with very different effects. The psychoactive effects of marijuana make authorities in many jurisdictions reluctant to legalize it, and therefore attracts far more controls than CBD. The cultivation of marijuana has progressed so that it is now possible to grow a marijuana strain that is dominated by THC or CBD.

In addition to being psychoactive, THC has other health benefits such as reducing a bronchus and therefore useful for people with asthma. It is ideal for people who have lost their appetite. A good example of such people are cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy or people with AIDS. One of the most important things about THC is to keep teens and children from abusing it for the adverse, irreversible effects it can have on them.

Sources include AmericanMarijuana (EN), TheKatyNews (EN), Wikileaf (EN)

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