CBD is increasingly found in multiple cannabis-based products. That's because the compound offers many health benefits.
Abbreviation of cannabidiol, CBD is one of many therapeutic compounds extracted from cannabis. The cannabis plant contains over 100 pharmacologically beneficial chemicals known as cannabinoids. However, CBD is one of the two most popular and most recommended cannabinoids. The other is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
Cannabidiol and tetrahydrocannabinol are often contrasted based on their overall effects. THC is the most popular marijuana compound that causes a 'high'. CBD, on the other hand, is non-psychotropic and non-intoxicating. Due to cannabidiol's immense therapeutic properties and lack of mind-altering effects, the compound is often prescribed for numerous medical conditions. Pain is one of the most common problems you can solve with CBD. This post takes a look at the six points you need to know when using CBD for pain relief.
CBD treats pain by affecting your endocannabinoid system
Cannabidiol products, such as CBD gummies and CBD tinctures, exert their analgesic properties primarily by affecting the endocannabinoid system. The endocannabinoid system is a complex cell-regulating system known for its role in pain management. The system is also involved in several other functions, including maintaining a healthy endocrine balance and regulating your sleep-wake cycles.
Now the endocannabinoid system contains a series of receptors called endocannabinoid receptors. Typical endocannabinoid receptors include CB1 receptors in the brain and central nervous system and CB2 receptors in the extremities and peripheral organs of the body. The system also contains certain neurotransmitters called endocannabinoids and enzymes that affect overall performance.
When consumed, it affects cannabidiol the vanilloid receptors, a group of endocannabinoid receptors that promote pain transmission. CBD also treats pain by increasing anandami signaling. Anandamide is a neurotransmitter that also plays a critical role in pain mediation. CBD improves anandami signaling by blocking enzymes that break down the neurotransmitter. One such enzyme is fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH).
CBD can treat nociceptive pain
Nociceptive pain mainly refers to pain caused by physical injury to a tissue, muscle, or bone. Common causes of nociceptive pain include car accidents and strenuous exercise.
Most forms of nociceptive pain are acute. Acute pain can be excruciating. Fortunately, CBD can interact with the body's nociceptors (pain receptors) in a way that soothes nociceptive pain.
Delayed Onset of Muscle Soreness (DOMS) is one of many forms of nociceptive pain that you can treat with cannabidiol.
CBD can also treat neuropathic pain
Neuropathic pain results from excessive pressure and tension on the nerves. Chronic diseases mainly cause this form of pain. Cannabidiol has been shown to be effective against both nociceptive and neuropathic pain. The pain-relieving mechanisms of CBD are the same, despite the type of pain. The compound attenuates pain sensations by interacting with pain-transmitting receptors.
The positive effects of cannabidiol on neuropathic pain is why the compound is often recommended for various chronic diseases that cause pain as the main symptom. Examples include arthritis, endometriosis, multiple sclerosis (MS), fibromyalgia, and cancer. CBD also contains neuroprotective properties. The compound can thus prevent further damage to neurons caused by chronic conditions.
CBD can treat inflammation
In addition to being a direct result of a strain on your nociceptors or damage to your nerves and neurons, the pain can also be indirectly caused by inflammation. Numerous studies have shown that cannabidiol possesses potent anti-inflammatory properties. CBD treats inflammation through the block activation of cytokines and chemokines, the main proteins that trigger the body's inflammatory responses.
Cannabidiol also has vasodilator properties† As a vasodilator, CBD can help expand narrowed blood vessels. This can relieve the pain that results from the narrowing and inflammation of arteries and veins. Examples of pain caused by poor blood circulation are headaches and chest pain.
CBD can control some side effects of pain
Stress, anxiety and insomnia are among the most annoying side effects of pain. Fortunately, these conditions are also manageable with cannabidiol supplements. CBD fights stress and anxiety by increasing serotonin signaling. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter known for its 'feel-good' effects. High serotonin levels can help relieve pain-induced anxiety.
Cannabidiol can also treat insomnia, another side effect of pain. The compound contains sedative properties, which can help to shorten sleep latency. CBD also treats insomnia by the reduce duration of REM sleep.
CBD does not get you high
This is the biggest reason why people use cannabidiol as opposed to tetrahydrocannabinol. Pure CBD will not get you high. That's because the compound primarily interacts with CB2 receptors located further from the brain.
You can administer CBD for pain relief or for other therapeutic purposes without worrying about getting stoned. The lack of mind-altering effects allows you to closely monitor your progress.
The non-psychoactive properties of cannabidiol make it particularly suitable for the treatment of pain conditions that affect areas near the brain, such as headaches and meningitis.
Cannabidiol is incredibly effective against pain. The substance can help manage both nociceptive and neuropathic pain. But as with any cannabis compound, CBD is only beneficial when used in moderation. Overdose of the product is counterproductive.