Home Legislation & Legalization France has recently banned the purchase and possession of kratom, an Asian psychotropic drug

France has recently banned the purchase and possession of kratom, an Asian psychotropic drug

through druginc

France has recently banned the purchase and possession of kratom, an Asian psychotropic drug

As of last month, it has been illegal in France to buy or own kratom, a psychotropic plant native to Southeast Asia.

“Taking into account the serious health risks associated with consumption,” announced the National Medicines Safety Agency (ANMSA).

Opiate substitute

This plant and its compounds "were added to the list of psychotropic substances" by a decree published January 1.

"As a result, their possession and purchase are now prohibited," said the National Medicines Safety Agency.

The leaves of this tree are consumed in infusion or powder and are increasingly used in the United States and Canada, where promoters ensure that they are a good alternative to opiates and a remedy for anxiety. According to the American Kratom Association, which represents users, about five million Americans consume extracts from these leaves.

Increased poisoning

If the phenomenon is more marginal in France, an addiction study in the period 2007-2018 reported “an increase in the number of intoxications in recent years (14 cases since 2016)” and “a death” in a context “of polyconsumption of drugs and medicines ”, underlines the National Agency for the Safety of Medicines in France.

The research has shown that consumption of kratom “can cause dependence, withdrawal symptoms, anorexia, weight loss, psychotic decompensation and toxic hepatitis,” the drug Gendarme points out.

100 deaths in the United States

The psychoactive effects of this plant, whose scientific name is Mitragyna speciosa, “are due to the many alkaloids it contains, in particular mitragynine and 7-hydroxymitragynine, active on the opioid receptors (morphine receptors)” present in the organization, explains the ANSM.

In the United States, where kratom is legal in 43 states, health authorities recorded nearly 100 deaths in consumption between April 2016 and December 2017. The FDA health agency published a warning regarding imports in 2012, meaning that deliveries on arrival in the United States can be seized and a health warning was issued in 2017.

Most customers get their supplies from websites, social networks such as Facebook and Instagram or from the Chinese marketplace Alibaba. The Drugs and Crime Agency of the United Nations has discovered the substance in 31 countries.

Sources including EN24 (EN), Kratom Science (EN), speciala (EN)

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