Bincike ya nuna abin da zai faru idan gyara ya faru kuma an halatta magunguna

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Saurin canjin ya haifar da rarrabuwar kawuna, yayin da wasu ke yabawa gwamnatoci saboda jaruntaka, yayin da wasu ke nuna damuwa game da illar da ka iya faruwa sakamakon wadannan manufofin na sassauci. Amma yayin da bayanai masu wuya ke shiga, masana kimiyya yanzu suna samun kyakkyawar fahimtar yadda canje-canje na manufofi ke shafar amfani da miyagun ƙwayoyi da kasuwannin magunguna.

Gyaran dokar miyagun ƙwayoyi ya zama babban batun tattaunawa a cikin 'yan shekarun nan, tare da yawan jihohi da ƙasashe da ke zaɓar yanke hukunci ko ma halatta wasu abubuwa bayan haramcin shekaru da yawa.

Saurin canjin ya haifar da rarrabuwar kawuna, yayin da wasu ke yabawa gwamnatoci saboda jaruntaka, yayin da wasu ke nuna damuwa game da illar da ka iya faruwa sakamakon wadannan manufofin na sassauci. Amma yayin da bayanai masu wuya ke shiga, masana kimiyya yanzu suna samun kyakkyawar fahimtar yadda canje-canje na manufofi ke shafar amfani da miyagun ƙwayoyi da kasuwannin magunguna.

Misali, sabon bincike a mujallar Addini ya bayyana yadda halatta tabar wiwi ta sauya yanayin kasuwancin haramtattun kasuwanni da yawa a Amurka. Zuwa yanzu, jihohi 15 gami da Gundumar Columbia sun zartar da dokokin nishaɗin nishaɗi (RCLs), wanda ke haifar da canje-canje mai yawa a cikin yawa da tasirin sauran ƙwayoyi marasa ƙarfi da ke yawo a kan titi.

Misali, sabon bincike a mujallar Addini ya bayyana yadda halatta tabar wiwi ta sauya yanayin kasuwancin haramtattun kasuwanni da yawa a Amurka. Zuwa yanzu, jihohi 15 gami da Gundumar Columbia sun zartar da dokokin nishaɗin nishaɗi (RCLs), wanda ke haifar da canje-canje mai yawa a cikin yawa da tasirin sauran ƙwayoyi marasa ƙarfi da ke yawo a kan titi.

"Bincikenmu na bincike ya nuna cewa kasuwannin haramtattun magunguna ba za su iya cin gashin kansu ba daga tsarin doka na kasuwar wiwi," in ji marubucin marubucin Dokta Angélica Meinhofer a cikin wata sanarwa. Za a bukaci yin karin bincike don sanin ko dokokin tabar wiwi na nishadi suna haifar da canje-canje a cikin haramtacciyar kasuwar da kuma abin da ke faruwa nan gaba. ”

Don gudanar da bincikensu, marubutan sun tattara bayanan da Hukumar hana Sha da fataucin miyagun kwayoyi ta tattara (DEA) a kan farashin da ƙididdigar haramtacciyar cannabis, heroin, cocaine, amphetamine da sauran opioids a cikin jihohi tare da RCLs. Sun kuma yi amfani da bayanai daga kayan talla wanda ake kira Price Of Weed don tantance yadda farashin tabar wiwi da aka saya ba bisa ƙa'ida ta canza a waɗannan jihohin ba tun lokacin da aka zartar da waɗannan dokokin.

Bincike ya bayyana abin da ke faruwa yayin sake fasalin kuma an halatta magunguna (Fig.)
Bincike ya bayyana abin da ke faruwa yayin sake fasalin ya faru kuma an halatta magunguna (fig.)

Sakamako ya nuna cewa farashin wiwi ba bisa ƙa'ida ba ya faɗi da kashi 9,2 cikin ɗari a cikin jihohi tare da RCLs, tare da raguwar kashi 19,5 cikin ɗari don “ƙarancin ingancin” haramtaccen cannabis. A irin waɗannan jihohin, za a iya siyar da marijuana bisa doka daga dillalai masu lasisi, kamar kantin magani da kantunan magani cannabis wanda dillalai marasa izini ke siyarwa ya kasance haramtacce.

A cewar marubutan binciken, akwai yiwuwar wannan faduwar farashin ta kasance ne saboda yadda a yanzu ana iya samar da tabar wiwi a cikin gida, ma'ana ba za a iya shigo da ita daga kasashen waje ba. Bugun wadannan kungiyoyi masu safarar mutane ba bisa ka'ida ba a karshe na iya haifar da fitowar su gaba daya daga kasuwar, wanda hakan ya haifar da raguwar samar da wasu haramtattun abubuwa.

Saboda haka, masu binciken sun gano cewa kame-kame na haramtattun opioids daga jami'an tilasta bin doka ya ragu da sama da kashi 50 cikin 54 a cikin jihohin da ke da RCLs. Koyaya, karfin tabar heroin akan tituna ya karu da kashi 64, yayin da farashin ya ƙaru da kashi XNUMX.

Abin sha'awa, masu binciken ba su sami canje-canje masu mahimmanci a cikin farashin ba, kasancewar cocaine ko methamphetamine a cikin waɗannan jihohin. Ba tare da la'akari ba, sun yanke shawara cewa za a iya fahimtar cikakken tasirin sake fasalin dokar ƙwayoyi akan lafiyar jama'a ta hanyar nazarin hanyar haɗi tsakanin kasuwannin magunguna da doka.

Sauran abubuwan da ba za a iya tsammani ba suna bayyana a cikin jihar Oregon, wacce ta yanke hukunci game da dukkanin magunguna a farkon wannan shekarar. Musamman, wasu al'ummomin Asalin Amurkawa sun nuna damuwa cewa wannan canjin manufofin na iya yin barazanar ƙoƙarinsu na adana peyote cactus, wanda ke tsakiyar wasu al'adun asalin amma kuma sananne ne tsakanin masu amfani da ƙwaƙwalwar.

Tare da tsire-tsire yana da ƙaranci, Kwamitin Sadarwa na igenan Asalin Peyote (IPCCC) ya buƙaci hukumomi su ware Peyote daga matakan yanke hukunci a Oregon don kare ta daga halaka.

Sources ciki har da IFLScience (EN), Jagora (EN,, ScienceBlog (EN)

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