Halatta cannabis a cikin Amurka yana kashe biliyoyin masana'antar harhada magunguna

ƙofar Ƙungiyar Inc.

2022-09-07-Halatta cannabis a cikin Amurka yana kashe biliyoyin masana'antar harhada magunguna

Wani sabon bincike daga ƙungiyar masana tattalin arziki ya gano cewa guguwar halayya a cikin Amurka - magunguna da nishaɗi - ya kashe masana'antar biliyoyin. Lokacin da VS halatta cannabis a duk faɗin ƙasar, samfuran magunguna na iya raguwa da sauri da fiye da kashi 10 cikin ɗari.

Halatta cannabis yana haifar da ƙarancin amfani da ƙwayoyi

A cikin 'yan shekarun nan, masu bincike sun lura da wasu canje-canje masu ban sha'awa a cikin halayen amfani da miyagun ƙwayoyi. Misali, bincike da yawa sun ga raguwar alamomin magungunan opioid bayan an halatta cannabis na likita a wata jiha. Musamman ma, wasu nazarin sun nuna cewa samun damar yin amfani da maganin tabar wiwi ya haifar da raguwar amfani da magungunan magani.

Wasu masana tattalin arziki guda uku daga Jami'ar Jihar California Polytechnic da Jami'ar New Mexico sun yi ƙoƙarin ƙididdige tasirin kuɗi na halatta cannabis akan masana'antar harhada magunguna. Masu binciken sun duba tasirin canje-canje a cikin dokokin cannabis na likita da na nishaɗi akan dawo da hannun jarin kamfanonin harhada magunguna a cikin shekaru 25 da suka gabata.

Binciken ya yi la'akari da halalcin cannabis guda 45, na likitanci da na nishaɗi, a cikin jihohin Amurka tun daga 1996. Sakamakon ya nuna cewa kasuwannin hannayen jari na kamfanin harhada magunguna sun faɗi da kusan kashi 2% bayan an halatta su. Masu binciken sun kiyasta cewa a duk kamfanonin magunguna, wannan ya kai raguwar tallace-tallacen magunguna na shekara-shekara na kusan dala biliyan 3 ga kowane mutum ya halatta.

Babban faduwa a cikin sahararrun magunguna da magunguna

Idan sauran jihohin 16 kuma sun halatta tabar wiwi na likitanci, wannan na iya haifar da raguwar kashi 11 cikin 38 na tallace-tallacen magunguna na shekara. Wannan ya yi daidai da raguwar dala biliyan XNUMX.
Binciken yana ƙididdige babban tasiri kan tallace-tallacen magunguna lokacin da marijuana nishaɗi ya zama doka a ƙarin wurare.

"Rashin raguwar kudaden shiga daga halalta wasan motsa jiki shine kusan 129% mafi girma fiye da hakan daga halattawar likita," masu binciken sun lura a cikin binciken. "Lokacin da muka kwatanta illolin da ke tattare da magunguna da magunguna, za mu ga cewa tasirin magungunan da ake amfani da su ya fi 224% girma fiye da tasirin siyar da magunguna."

Harabar masana'antar harhada magunguna na adawa da halasta

Binciken ya lura cewa akwai shaidun da ke nuna cewa kamfanonin magunguna sun fahimci wannan barazanar da tabar wiwi da aka halatta kuma sun fara yin amfani da su don hana haɓaka halayya. Koyaya, masu binciken sun ba da shawarar cewa ya kamata kamfanonin magunguna su saka hannun jari a kasuwannin cannabis maimakon yin katsalandan a kan doka.

"Makomar maganin cannabis ya ta'allaka ne ga fahimtar yaduwa da tasirin abubuwan shuka, ban da THC da CBD, da kuma gano hanyoyin da za a rarraba cannabis ta halaye masu aunawa da aka sani don samar da takamaiman tasiri," in ji marubucin binciken Co. Sarah Stith. "Kwaitar magungunan gargajiya ta hanyar daidaitawa bazai zama mafi kyawun ƙarshen cannabis ba. Wannan saboda bambance-bambancen da ke tattare da shuka cannabis yana iya ba da ikon magance yanayi daban-daban. "

An buga binciken a cikin PLOS Daya.

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