Masana kimiyya suna yin allurar rigakafin fentanyl

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Masu bincike a Jami'ar Houston sun ce a cikin wata sanarwa cewa suna da mafita mai yuwuwa a cikin yaki da wuce gona da iri na opioid: sabon maganin da ke hana fentanyl shiga cikin kwakwalwa.

Yawan mace-macen kwayoyi ya karu zuwa wani lokaci yayin barkewar cutar ta Covid-19. A shekarar 2020, adadin wadanda suka mutu fiye da kima a Amurka ya karu zuwa 91.799, kashi 30 cikin dari idan aka kwatanta da shekarar da ta gabata. Masu bincike sun ce opioids na roba kamar fentanyl suna da alhakin wani bangare. Waɗannan magungunan sun shiga cikin fiye da rabin duk abubuwan da suka wuce kima a cikin 2020. Fiye da mutane 150 suna mutuwa kowace rana daga opioids na roba.

Rikicin Opioid

"Fentanyl yana kashe Amurkawa a wani matakin da ba a taba ganin irinsa ba," in ji Anne Milgram, Shugabar Hukumar Yaki da Magunguna. “Masu fataucin muggan kwayoyi suna haifar da jaraba kuma suna haɓaka riba ta hanyar haɗa fentanyl da sauran muggan ƙwayoyi. Abin takaici, yawancin wadanda abin ya shafa ba su da masaniyar cewa suna shan fentanyl mai kisa har sai ya yi latti."

A wani binciken da aka buga a cikin Magungunan Magunguna, masana kimiyya sun gwada rigakafin su akan beraye 60. Dabbobin na iya samar da ƙwayoyin rigakafi waɗanda ke dakatar da tasirin fentanyl. Abun ya iya barin jiki ta cikin kodan. Wannan, a ka'idar, zai sauƙaƙa wa mutane su daina shan maganin ko hana sake dawowa.

Masanan kimiyyar sun gano cewa allurar rigakafinsu ba ta haifar da wata illa ba a cikin berayen. Har ila yau, bai yi mu'amala da sauran opioids ba, gami da morphine. "Wanda aka yi wa allurar har yanzu ana iya jinyarsa don jin zafi," in ji marubucin marubuci Colin Haile, masanin ilimin halayyar dan adam a Jami'ar Houston a cikin sanarwar.

dmLT a cikin maganin fentanyl

Alurar rigakafin ta ƙunshi wani sinadari mai suna dmLT, wanda aka samo daga E. coli. dmLT adjuvant ne, ma'ana yana motsa martanin tsarin rigakafi ga alluran rigakafi. Wannan muhimmin sashi ne a cikin allurar rigakafi buri, a cewar sanarwar.

Yayin da rigakafin zai iya kare mutanen da suka sha fentanyl da gangan yayin shan wasu kwayoyi, an yi shi ne ga mutanen da suka kamu da cutar kuma suna son dainawa, Haile ya bayyana wa KTRK Briana Conner.
"Mutane da yawa suna amfani da maganin a kwanakin nan," in ji Philip Van Guilder, darektan harkokin al'umma da rigakafin wuce gona da iri a Cibiyar Kula da Greenhouse da ke Texas.

Matakai na gaba don masu binciken suna samun amincewar FDA don maganin rigakafi da fara gwajin asibiti. Kungiyar na fatan za a iya sayar da maganin rigakafin su cikin shekaru uku ko hudu.

Source: www.smithsonianmag.com (En)

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