Psilocybin yana sakin kwakwalwa cikin damuwa

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2022-04-17-Psilocybin yana sakin kwakwalwa cikin damuwa

Psilocybin, wani fili da ake samu a cikin namomin sihiri, ya bayyana yana kawar da kwakwalwar mutanen da ke da babban damuwa ta hanyar da sauran magungunan rage damuwa ba su yi ba, wani bincike ya gano.

Sakamakon binciken da aka yi a kwakwalwar mutane 60, ya nuna cewa psylocibine na iya magance bakin ciki ta hanya ta musamman, in ji masu binciken.

Ayyukan kwakwalwa tare da psychedelics

Psychedelics wani nau'in abubuwa ne na hallucinogenic wanda ke jan hankalin dukkan gabobin kuma suna canza tunanin mutum, jin lokaci da motsin rai. A sakamakon haka, ana iya amfani da su cikin nasara a cikin ciki. Zai iya samun ƙarin fa'idodi.

Sau da yawa ana shan magungunan rage damuwa a kowace rana, yayin da psilocybin na iya buƙatar ɗaukar sau ɗaya ko sau biyu kawai don cimma sakamako iri ɗaya na tsawon lokaci. Ana buƙatar ƙarin bincike a cikin ƙarin marasa lafiya don tabbatar da wannan.

Komawa ga bincike. Sakamakon, wanda aka buga a cikin Magungunan Nature, ya fito ne daga binciken biyu. A cikin farko, an ba kowa da kowa psilocybin; kuma a cikin na biyu - gwajin gwaji na bazuwar - wasu sun karbi miyagun ƙwayoyi yayin da wasu suka karbi wani maganin rigakafi.

Duk mahalarta kuma sun sami maganin maganganun magana tare da ƙwararrun lafiyar kwakwalwa masu rijista. An dauki sikanin kwakwalwa kafin a fara jinyar da kwana ɗaya ko makonni uku bayan. Farfesa Robin Carhart-Harris, babban marubucin binciken, ya ce: “Har yanzu ba mu san tsawon lokacin da canje-canjen ayyukan kwakwalwa da aka gani tare da jiyya na psilocybin ba. Muna buƙatar ƙarin bincike don fahimtar wannan. Mun san cewa wasu mutane suna komawa baya. Bayan wani lokaci, kwakwalwarsu na iya komawa ga tsayayyen tsarin ayyukan da muke gani cikin damuwa."

Binciken da aka yi a baya daga binciken ya nuna raguwar alamun damuwa tare da maganin psilocybin - amma masu binciken ba su da tabbacin yadda ko dalilin da ya sa ya yi aiki.

Psilocybin yana nuna alkawari azaman madadin magani

Yanzu suna son gwada ka'idarsu ta canje-canjen haɗin gwiwar kwakwalwa don wasu cututtukan tabin hankali, irin su anorexia. Ana gwada nau'in maganin na roba akan mutane a cikin gwaji a ƙarƙashin tsauraran yanayin likita, tare da tallafin tunani daga masana kafin, lokacin da kuma bayan sha.

Farfesa David Nutt, mawallafin binciken kuma shugaban Cibiyar Nazarin Hankali ta Kwalejin Imperial ta London, ya ce sabon binciken da aka yi kan psilocybin yana da ban sha'awa kuma mai mahimmanci. A cikin baƙin ciki, ƙwaƙwalwa zai iya makale a cikin kututture kuma ya makale a wata mummunar hanyar tunani.

A cikin marasa lafiya da alamun cututtuka, an lura da canji har zuwa makonni uku bayan jiyya tare da psylocibine. Kwakwalwa ta fi budewa kuma kwakwalwa ta fi sassauya da ruwa. An bayyana wannan a cikin haɓakar haɗin gwiwa tsakanin sassan kwakwalwa lokacin da aka duba marasa lafiya. Wadannan marasa lafiya sun fi dacewa su sami ci gaba a cikin yanayi watanni bayan haka.

Ba a ga irin waɗannan canje-canje a cikin kwakwalwar mutanen da aka yi musu magani tare da daidaitaccen maganin bacin rai. "Wannan yana goyan bayan tsinkayar mu na farko kuma ya tabbatar da cewa psilocybin zai iya zama ainihin hanyar da za ta iya magance matsalolin rashin tausayi," in ji Farfesa Nutt.

Kara karantawa akan bbc.com (Source, EN)

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