Bogga ugu weyn ka dhiman Muuqaal cusub oo ku saabsan dagaalka ka dhanka ah daroogada

Muuqaal cusub oo ku saabsan dagaalka ka dhanka ah daroogada

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2022-09-09-Muuqaalka cusub ee dagaalka

Colombia, oo ka mid ah kuwa ugu badan ee soo saara kookeynta, ayaa muddo dheer door muhiim ah ka ahaa dagaalka Washington ee guul-darraystay ee daroogada. Balse Gustavo Petro, oo ah madaxweynaha cusub ee Colombia oo dhawaan xilka loo dhaariyay, ayaa ololihii doorashada sameeyay ballan-qaad uu ku doonayo inuu waddankiisa u jiheeyo jiho kale.

Bishii hore, waxa uu sheegay in uu joojin doono dabar-goynta qasabka ah ee kookaha iyo taageerada sharciga si loo xakameeyo loona xakameeyo iibinta kookeynta iyada oo la isku dayo in lagu wiiqo suuqyada sharci darrada ah iyo ujeeddada faa'iidada ee iyaga kaxaysa.

Kahortag badan oo daroogada ah

Gudaha Mareykanka, maamulka Biden wuxuu sidoo kale sameeyay isbeddel weyn oo ku saabsan qiimaha saamiyada. Bishii Abriil, Dr. Rahul Gupta, oo ah agaasimaha Xafiiska Siyaasadda Xakamaynta Maandooriyaha Qaranka, istaraatiijiyad cusub oo diiradda saareysa ka hortagga. Hadafka ayaa ah in laga hortago dhimashada xad dhaafka ah ee opioid iyada oo la kordhinayo helitaanka daawaynta iyo barnaamijyada soo kabashada balwadda. Waxa kale oo jira xukunno fudud oo dembiyada yaryar ee daroogada la xidhiidha.

Istaraatiijiyadan cusub waxay aqoonsan tahay in habka daroogadadhibkii wax laga qabtay ma shaqayn. Xakamaynta maandooriyaha caalamiga ah ee uu Maraykanku hogaamiyo ayaa sidoo kale ahaa guuldarro la yaab leh, oo gacan ka gaysatay rabshadaha iyo dembiyada meelaha sida Colombia. Waxa kale oo ay dab qabadsiisay u dhaqaaqista opioids synthetic sida fentanyl, taasoo keentay dhimasho xad dhaaf ah. Maamulka Biden siyaasadiisa qaran ee hore u fakar ee cusub waa tallaabo loo qaaday jihada saxda ah.

Qorshaha Colombia

Sannadihii 1999-aadkii, Maraykanku waxa uu bilaabay in uu si dhow ula shaqeeyo Booliska Qaranka Colombia si loo xakameeyo soo saarista daroogada sharci darrada ah iyo ka ganacsiga, oo ay ku jiraan ciribtirka beeraha kookaha iyo ka hortagga mukhalasiinta. Sannadkii XNUMX-kii, Madaxweyne Bill Clinton waxa uu saxeexay biilka Qorshaha Colombia iyada oo rabshadaha iyo ka ganacsiga maandooriyaha ay kordheen walaaca laga qabo saamaynta jabhadda. Qorshahan ayaa waxaa ka mid ahaa, sidii dalka loo xasilin lahaa, laguna wiiqi lahaa wax soo saarka maandooriyaha. Laakin falkii millatarigu waxa uu ku guul daraystay in uu cirib tiro wax soo saarka kookeynta.

Qorshaha Kolombiya ayaa sidoo kale qaaday dhibaato bini'aadminimo oo yaab leh. Guddiga Runta, oo la aasaasay 2016-kii oo qayb ka ahaa heshiiskii nabadeed ee u dhexeeyay dawladda Colombia iyo ciidammada qalabka sida ee Kacaanka ee Colombia, ayaa dhawaan ogaaday in dagaalka ka ganacsiga daroogada uu galaaftay in ka badan sagaal milyan oo dhibanayaal ah, kuwaas oo intooda badan ay ahaayeen rayid. In ka badan 450.000 oo qof ayaa ku dhintay, 121.768 ayaa la waayay, kumannaan ayaa la afduubay, la kufsaday ama la jirdilay, malaayiin kalena waa ay barakaceen. Guddiga ayaa ugu baaqay Colombia iyo Mareykanka inay ka shaqeeyaan sharciyeynta daroogada.

Dhibaatada Xad-dhaafka ah iyo Xakamaynta Dawooyinka

Dhanka kale, dhibaatada xad-dhaafka ah ee daroogada ee Maraykanka ayaa dishay in ka badan 107.000 oo qof sannadkii hore oo kaliya, taas oo si weyn u soo dedejisay isbeddel dilaa ah oo galaafatay ku dhawaad ​​hal milyan oo qof labaatankii sano ee la soo dhaafay. Dr. Gupta - takhtarkii ugu horreeyay ee qabta jagada Daroogada - wuxuu si toos ah u garanayaa saameynta dhibaatadan, isagoo u soo shaqeeyay guddoomiye caafimaad West Virginia, gobolka oo leh heerka dhimashada xad dhaafka ah ee ugu sarreeya.

Halka meel sida West Virginia ay u ekaan karto in ay aad uga fog tahay kaymaha Colombia ama buuraha Mexico, waxa ku xidhan siyaasadaha xakamaynta maandooriyaha Maraykanka. Mamnuucida dibeda kaliya kuma guul darrayn in ay joojiyaan qulqulka daroogooyinka, laakiin waxa ay sidoo kale horseedeen hal-abuurnimada dilaaga ah ee sahayda daroogada ee halkan guriga.

Iyadoo ciribtirka khasabka ah uu yarayn karo sahayda dalagyada dalagyada ee meel cayiman, daraasaduhu waxay muujiyeen in dhimistani ay had iyo jeer tahay ku meel gaar. Dhab ahaantii, khabiiradu waxay muddo dheer aqoonsadeen in qallafsanaanta hal meel ay abuurayaan "saamaynta buufin", u wareejinta wax soo saarka iyo ganacsiga meel kale. Beeralayda ayaa wax soo saarkooda u raraya meelo aan laga warhayn, ganacsataduna waxay u guurayaan meelo cusub – sidaan aragnay sannadihii ugu dambeeyay ee ka soo wareegatay Colombia una guureen Mexico iyo Bartamaha Ameerika.

Intaa waxa dheer, cayrsiga madaxda la qoday waxa ay keentaa oo keliya in ururrada ka ganacsiga maandooriyaha u kala qaybsamaan kooxo cusub, taas oo kordhinaysa tartanka iyo rabshadaha ka jira dalalka ay ka soo jeedaan. Natiijo ahaan, tahriibiyeyaasha ayaa lagu riixaa meelaha fog-fog ee sii kordheysa ee inta badan deegaanka xasaasiga ah - oo leh saameyn xun oo deegaanka ah oo gacan ka geysaneysa tirada dadka barokacay.

Laga soo bilaabo mukhalasiinta dadka tahriibiya

Iyo laga yaabee tan ugu muhiimsan, tallaabooyinka xakamaynta militariga iyo kordhinta dadaallada amniga xuduudaha ayaa dhab ahaantii dhiirigelin u abuuraya tahriibiyeyaasha. Si loo helo ilo cusub oo faa'iido leh, waxay raadiyaan daroogo si sahlan loo soo saaro loona raro: laga bilaabo xashiishadda ilaa kokain iyo heroin, ilaa methamphetamines, iyo hadda opioids synthetic sida fentanyl. Marka lagu daro ka-hortagga dawooyinka xanuunka baabi'iyaha dheeraadka ah ee halkan Maraykanka, tani waxay keentay in qarax ku dhaco sahayda fentanyl taasoo sii hurinaysa dhibaatadayada xad-dhaafka ah.

Ugu dambeyntiina, in ka badan afartan sano ee dagaalka uu Mareykanku hormuudka ka yahay ee ka dhanka ah maandooriyaha ayaan hoos u dhigin saadka walxaha sharci darrada ah. Warbixin ay dhawaan soo saartay Qaramada Midoobay ayaa muujinaysa in isticmaalka maandooriyaha adduunka uu kor u kacay 26 boqolkiiba toban sano ka hor. Daraasad kale oo ay samaysay Maamulka Dhaqangelinta Maandooriyaha ayaa xaqiijisay in inkasta oo tobanaan sano oo tallaabooyinkan xakamaynta ilaha ah, qiimaha daawadu uu weli yahay mid deggan, nadiifnimada iyo awoodda ayaa weli ah mid sarreeya, daawooyinka ayaa weli si weyn loo heli karaa iyo qiyaasta xad dhaafka ah ee cirka.

"Waxaa la joogaa waqtigii heshiis caalami ah oo cusub oo aqbalaya in dagaalka ka dhanka ah daroogooyinka uu fashilmay," Madaxweyne Petro ayaa ku yiri khudbadiisii ​​furitaanka, isagoo ku celceliyay dood ay horay u sii qaadeen hoggaamiyeyaasha kale ee Latin America sannadihii la soo dhaafay. Kor u qaadida siyaasadaha dhiirigeliya rabshadaha dibadda waxba kama beddeli doonaan isbeddelka ku wajahan sahayda daroogada ee sii kordheysa ee guriga.

Maamulka Biden wuxuu qaaday tillaabooyin muhiim ah si uu wax uga qabto guul-darrooyinkayada halkan guriga, laakiin si loo helo guul waarta, waa in sidoo kale la soo afjaraa dagaalka daroogada ee dibadda.

Xigasho: www.nytimes.com (EN)

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